Infinite Observations

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ZineQx Earthquake
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Modelling Earthquake Risk

Committed To Securing Livelihoods

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Modelling Geophysical Hazard

Infinite Observations offers models to better prepare residents, businesses and governments for the human as well as the economic consequences of catastrophic earthquakes. We leverage local, regional as well as worldwide expertise in earthquake modelling. Earthquake modelling is very complex and it is inadequate to rely on historical data to forecast where future earthquakes will occur and the scale of devastation that they inflicted. Infinite Observations makes use of a harmonized set of Ground Motion Prediction Equations (GMPEs) that can be used globally as well as regionally. GMPEs or “attenuation” relationships are predominantly used in regions considered tectonically stable.

These equations provide scientists with a method of predicting the level of ground motion, the related uncertainty at any given geographic location or site, based on the magnitude, distance, soil conditions, fault mechanism, etc. To be able to estimate human as well as economic losses we must be able to represent the seismic hazard and risk in a particular region. This is a description of seismic hazard, physical infrastructure, population, census and household data, building occupancy (day, night and transient hours), vulnerability and fragility curves according to the probability of loss ratio for predominant building topologies.

Seismic Catastrophe Models

Modelled Regions :

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North America

Europe

Middle East

Central America & Caribbean

Asia & Pacific

Latin America

Africa

Australia

North America

Canada

United States

Mexico

Central America

Belize

Costa Rica

El Salvador

Honduras

Nicaragua

Panama

Caribbean

The Greater Antilles

Cuba

Puerto Rico

Jamaica

Cayman Islands

Hispaniola:

Haiti

Dominican Republic

Lucayan Archipelago

Bahamas

Turks and Caicos Islands

Lesser Antilles (Leeward Islands)

Anguilla (UK)

Saint Martin (Fr.)

Sint Maarten (Neth.)

Saint-Barthélemy (Fr.)

Saba (Neth.)

Sint Eustatius (Neth.)

Saint Kitts

Nevis

Antigua

Barbuda

Redonda

Bermuda

Montserrat (UK)

Guadeloupe (Fr.)

La Désirade (Fr.)

Marie-Galante (Fr.)

Les Saintes archipelago (Fr.)

St. Thomas (US VI)

St. John (US VI)

St. Croix (US VI)

Water Island (US VI)

Tortola (UK VI)

Virgin Gorda (UK VI)

Anegada (UK VI)

Jost Van Dyke (UK VI)

Aruba (Neth.)

Curaçao (Neth.)

Bonaire (Neth.)

La Orchila

La Tortuga

La Blanquilla

Margarita Island

Coche

Cubagua

Los Roques Archipelago

Lesser Antilles (Windward Islands)

Dominica

Martinique (Fr.)

Saint Lucia

Barbados

Saint Vincent

Grenadines

Carriacou

Petite Martinique

Grenada

Trinidad

Tobago

South America

Argentina

Bolivia

Chile

Cayman Islands

Colombia

Ecuador

Guyana

Guiana (Fr.)

Paraguay

Peru

Suriname

Uruguay

Venezuela

Europe

Andorra

Austria

Belgium

Bulgaria

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Hungary

Iceland

Ireland

Italy

Latvia

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Malta

Monaco

Netherlands 

Norway

Poland

Russia

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Turkey

United Kingdom

Vatican City

Asia & Pacific

East Asia

China

Hong Kong (China)

Macau (China)

Japan

North Korea

South Korea

Taiwan

South Asia

Bangladesh

India

Maldives

Sri Lanka

South Asia

Brunei

Cambodia

Indonesia

Laos

Malaysia

Myanmar

Philippines

Singapore

Thailand

Timor-Leste

Vietnam

Australasia

Australia

New Zealand

Melanesia

Fiji

New Caledonia (Fr)

Papua New Guinea

Solomon Islands

Vanuatu

Micronesia

Guam (US)

Kiribati

Marshall Islands

Nauru

Northern Mariana Islands (US)

Wake Island (US)

Polynesia

American Samoa (US)

Cook Islands (NZ)

Easter Island (Ch)

French Polynesia (Fr)

Niue (NZ)

Norfolk Island (A)

Tonga

Tuvalu

Samoa

Wallis and Futuna (Fr)

Seismic Vulnerability, Exposure & Risk Modelling

A Global Data Driven Seismic Model

Infinite Observations makes use of a Global Seismic Hazard Model that depicts the geographic distribution of the Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA) and a range of Spectral Acceleration Periods (SAP) with a 10% probability of being exceeded in 50 years, computed for reference rock conditions. The earthquake hazard map, based on a database of hazard models, is employed using a collection and combination of national and regional probabilistic seismic hazard models developed by various agencies, institutions and projects worldwide. Our Global Seismic Hazard Model can be updated with new models that can be incorporated into the platform and the underlying database. The earthquake engine analyses the seismic hazard and risk ratios fallowed by a smoothing technique that is applied to homogenise the hazard ratios throughout the model. The model can also be implemented to determine stochastic event datasets. Extensive checks, tests, and calibrations are performed on the model to ensure compatibility between the results of our platform and those of other vendors of earthquake hazard modelling software.

Quantifying Seismic Hazard Losses

With the implementation of our Global Seismic Hazard Model Infinite Observations is able to analyse the hazard due to ground motion for any given return period in terms of peak ground acceleration and a range of spectral acceleration periods. Seismic hazard is impacted by shaking of the ground and is exacerbated by the high vulnerability of its built environment. These aspects are captured by our Global Seismic Hazard Model risk model, which contains exposed assets and vulnerability functions. Average Annual Losses estimates (AAL), loss ratios and loss exceedance curves at various spatial resolutions are derived from a stochastic event catalogue that is included in an exposure database that contains population, residential, industrial, and commercial building data that are grouped into different structural classes and structural characteristics. Nonlinear dynamic analysis of numerical models of the structures are used to derive vulnerability functions for each structural class and validated against historical events.

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ZineQx - Infinite Observations

Reliably Assess Seismic Risks Using Our Recent and Historical Integrated Solutions